Garhwali are the
people belonging to Garhwal region in Uttarakhand. The region is surrounded by
the hills and is full of greenery and pleasant weather. Other than scenic
beauty, the place and the people of Garhwal are famous for their anti-dowry
approach towards the weddings which is rare in India.
The wedding is
generally arranged between the girl and the boy by the elders of the family. But
this trend is fast changing and today’s youngsters prefer to do a love marriage
or search for a suitable life partner on Indian matrimonial sites which is
acceptable to their parents as well. Before fixing the marriage the custom of
matching horoscope (janam kundli) of the prospective Garhwali
bride and groom is prevalent in their culture. The family values and status
should also match between the girl and the boy. After commitment between the
families, engagement ceremony is celebrated in which the bride and the groom
exchange rings and the relatives give them cash as the symbol of their
blessings. The engagement generally takes place in the groom’s house where the
food arrangement is made for the guests that includes bride’s family and her
close relatives and groom’s family and his close relatives.
Before the Garhwali marriage the Garhwali bride is
presented with a beautiful nose ring known as nathni ceremony in which either bride’s parents or groom’s mother
sends traditional nathni for the
bride which she wears on the wedding day. The rituals are celebrated with lot
of simplicity but with fun and vigor. The mehndi ceremony is celebrated the day
before the wedding where the bride and groom along with their relatives apply
henna on their hands and sing Garhwali wedding songs.
On the wedding
day, the bride generally wears a lehenga
with net gota work chunni over her head. The bride is
adorned with jewelry and wears make-up on her face. The groom on the other hand
can wear dhoti kurta, shervaani or
formal suit for his wedding.
The weddings in
India begin with the arrival of baraat
where the groom is seated on a horse and other relative’s dances on the music
played by the wedding band which moves along with the baraat. The wedding procession starts with a red flag which
represents the bridegroom and is known as ‘nishaan’.
The last man of the baraat carries
white flag representing the bride. On arrival to the bride’s house, the groom
and his relatives are welcomed by the bride’s family members by showering
flowers on them. After the arrival the food is served and bride and groom sit
together for lunch or dinner depending on at what time wedding takes place. After
the food is served the bride and groom sit on mandap where the pundit recite chants and hymns and tell them about
their duties after marriage. Then they both get up to take seven rounds around
the fire as fire represents god. The groom then puts vermilion (red colour sindoor) in bride’s hair parting and
puts a mangal sutra (sign for married women) around her neck.
The Garhwali wedding
rituals are completed and bride and groom become a couple after taking pheras.
The bride then leaves her parent’s home and leaves with the groom to his home
in a doli. While returning the flag bearer bears a red colour flag and the last
man carries white flag.
Jain writes on behalf of Jeevansathi.com, which is India’s fastest growing
matrimonial website providing online Indian
matrimonial classified service. Jeevansathi.com enables users to create and
search corresponding matches for their respective profiles like Gujarati
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The people are very humble and follow every marriage ritual with devotion and seriousness. It is a festivity which is marked by the unification of all family members. Garhwali weddings are a tradition in itself attended by large number of close and distant relatives.
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